Illustration for article titled Cosmetic Surgery: Where Medicine Meets Craftsmanshipem/em

Today, plastic surgery is synonymous with Hollywood and its endless quest to remain young and stunning forever, through mammoplasty (breast decrease or augmentation), mastopexy (breast lift), nose surgery (nose lift), chin augmentations, cheek augmentations, liposuction, and facelifts. These treatments are more commonly described as cosmetic surgery.

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Nevertheless, the art and science of plastic surgery is not entirely limited to improve the physical look of an aging Hollywood actor. In fact, this specific branch of surgery was developed to fix disfigurement and restore impaired function. This type of surgical treatment became called reconstructive surgery, which can be specified as the correction of a congenital or acquired defect; instead of cosmetic surgery, which entails the correction of a perceived physical imperfection.

Making use of the word plastic does not describe the synthetic polymer product, but is derived from the Greek word “plastikos,” implying to mold or shape. This describes that cosmetic surgeons usually mold and improve bone, cartilage, muscle, fat, and skin to attain the visual outcomes they desire. These body parts may be moved to fill, alter, or cover the appearance of a defect, or totally removed.

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Although basic cosmetic surgery methods were being practiced as early as 800BC, the strategies being utilized today are mostly attributed to Sir Harold Delf Gillies, a Cambridge-educated cosmetic surgeon from New Zealand. He is often described as the daddy of plastic surgery. Gillies joined the Red Cross during World War I and saw the need for a cosmetic surgery system for the British troops after seeing the French surgery systems in Paris.

This war was especially gruesome because it had the distinction of being the first completely mechanized war, and the introduction of heavy artillery, shells and Gatling guns implied more disastrous injuries than ever before might be inflicted. The War Office recognized the requirement for a specialized unit of surgical treatment and consequently sent Gillies to the Cambridge Military Hospital in Aldershot to set this up, hence becoming Britain’s first plastic surgeon. Quickly men began pouring into the facility from the field medical facilities, all with jaw and face injuries that needed restoration.

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Gillies was determined not just to bring back the function of these wounded guys but to likewise make the personal appearance as typical as possible, if not more appealing than previously. He called his brand name of plastic surgery,” a weird brand-new art.” This melding of function and looks underlined his whole body of work. Gillies originated lots of surgical strategies and established instruments to use in his operations; many of them are still being used today.

Among these methods is the pedicle tube, where a skin graft taken from an intact part of the client’s body is sewn into a tube and utilized to cover the damaged location. Not only was the blood supply maintained to the skin graft, however stitching the edges of the skin together indicated that the skin graft was less susceptible to infection, a constant risk to clients. Visit Surgeongate for the best Michigan plastic surgeon

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He delighted in sharing his skills and insights with physicians from all over the world, assisting many countries to establish their ability base for this emerging field of surgery. In addition to explaining his work in written form, he was the first cosmetic surgeon to make pictorial records of facial restoration cases, both prior to and after surgical treatment. In 1920 he released a book called Plastic Surgery of the Face, which detailed his work and strategies.

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As weapons of war become more and more harmful, the need for cosmetic surgery boosts for its casualties. But due to the fact that of men like Sir Harold Gillies, these men and women can get back the face that was taken from them.

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